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❶It is useful for the reader to know how long the patient was under care and how many times they were treated.

How should I approach it?

2. Consider which theories and analysis tools may apply to the situation
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Introduction

Summarize the case and any lessons learned: This case demonstrates a classical presentation of cervicogenic headache which resolved quickly with a course of spinal manipulation, supportive soft-tissue therapy and postural advice. Vertebrogenic hearing deficit, the spine and spinal manipulation therapy: Chiropr J Aust ; Intensity of headaches as recorded on a visual analogue scale vertical axis versus time horizontal axis during the four weeks that the patient was under care.

Treatment was given on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 18, 22 and Headache frequency and intensity is seen to fall over time. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.

J Can Chiropr Assoc. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Open in a separate window. Introduction Case studies are an invaluable record of the clinical practices of a profession. Additional and useful resources for chiropractic case studies include: Single subject research designs. J Can Chirop Assoc ; 35 2: J Can Chiropr Assoc ; 51 2: General Instructions This set of guidelines provides both instructions and a template for the writing of case reports for publication.

The title page will contain the full title of the article. Remember that many people may find our article by searching on the internet. They may have to decide, just by looking at the title, whether or not they want to access the full article. A title which is vague or non-specific may not attract their attention. The two most common formats of titles are nominal and compound.

Other contents for the title page should be as in the general JCCA instructions to authors. Remember that for a case study, we would not expect to have more than one or two authors.

In order to be listed as an author, a person must have an intellectual stake in the writing — at the very least they must be able to explain and even defend the article. Someone who has only provided technical assistance, as valuable as that may be, may be acknowledged at the end of the article, but would not be listed as an author.

If there is more than one author, one author must be identified as the corresponding author — the person whom people should contact if they have questions or comments about the study. Provide key words under which the article will be listed. These are the words which would be used when searching for the article using a search engine such as Medline. When practical, we should choose key words from a standard list of keywords, such as MeSH Medical subject headings. A copy of MeSH is available in most libraries.

A narrative abstract consists of a short version of the whole paper. There are no headings within the narrative abstract. The author simply tries to summarize the paper into a story which flows logically. A structured abstract uses subheadings. Structured abstracts are becoming more popular for basic scientific and clinical studies, since they standardize the abstract and ensure that certain information is included. This is very useful for readers who search for articles on the internet.

Often the abstract is displayed by a search engine, and on the basis of the abstract the reader will decide whether or not to download the full article which may require payment of a fee. With a structured abstract, the reader is more likely to be given the information which they need to decide whether to go on to the full article, and so this style is encouraged.

The JCCA recommends the use of structured abstracts for case studies. Since they are summaries, both narrative and structured abstracts are easier to write once we have finished the rest of the article. We include a template for a structured abstract and encourage authors to make use of it.

Our sub-headings will be: This consists of one or two sentences to describe the context of the case and summarize the entire article. Several sentences describe the history and results of any examinations performed. The working diagnosis and management of the case are described. Synthesize the foregoing subsections and explain both correlations and apparent inconsistencies. If appropriate to the case, within one or two sentences describe the lessons to be learned. At the beginning of these guidelines we suggested that we need to have a clear idea of what is particularly interesting about the case we want to describe.

The introduction is where we convey this to the reader. It is useful to begin by placing the study in a historical or social context. If similar cases have been reported previously, we describe them briefly.

If there is something especially challenging about the diagnosis or management of the condition that we are describing, now is our chance to bring that out.

Each time we refer to a previous study, we cite the reference usually at the end of the sentence. This is the part of the paper in which we introduce the raw data.

First, we describe the complaint that brought the patient to us. Next, we introduce the important information that we obtained from our history-taking. Also, we should try to present patient information in a narrative form — full sentences which efficiently summarize the results of our questioning. We may or may not choose to include this list at the end of this section of the case presentation.

The next step is to describe the results of our clinical examination. Again, we should write in an efficient narrative style, restricting ourselves to the relevant information. It is not necessary to include every detail in our clinical notes.

If we are using a named orthopedic or neurological test, it is best to both name and describe the test since some people may know the test by a different name. X-rays or other images are only helpful if they are clear enough to be easily reproduced and if they are accompanied by a legend. Be sure that any information that might identify a patient is removed before the image is submitted.

At this point, or at the beginning of the next section, we will want to present our working diagnosis or clinical impression of the patient. In this section, we should clearly describe the plan for care, as well as the care which was actually provided, and the outcome. It is useful for the reader to know how long the patient was under care and how many times they were treated. Additionally, we should be as specific as possible in describing the treatment that we used. If we used spinal manipulation, it is best to name the technique, if a common name exists, and also to describe the manipulation.

Remember that our case study may be read by people who are not familiar with spinal manipulation, and, even within chiropractic circles, nomenclature for technique is not well standardized. However, whenever possible we should try to use a well-validated method of measuring their improvement. For case studies, it may be possible to use data from visual analogue scales VAS for pain, or a journal of medication usage.

It is useful to include in this section an indication of how and why treatment finished. Did we decide to terminate care, and if so, why? Did the patient withdraw from care or did we refer them to another practitioner? In this section we may want to identify any questions that the case raises.

It is not our duty to provide a complete physiological explanation for everything that we observed. This is usually impossible. If there is a well established item of physiology or pathology which illuminates the case, we certainly include it, but remember that we are writing what is primarily a clinical chronicle, not a basic scientific paper.

Finally, we summarize the lessons learned from this case. Case Study Report Prepared by University of Guelph About Case Study Reports This guide provides advice and resources to help you write case study reports during your post-secondary education. What Will I Learn?

By successfully completing the sections included in this guide, you should be able to: How Is This Guide Organized? This guide includes six sections: Overview Background information about the case study method.

Planning and Researching Practical steps to plan and complete case study reports. Parts of a Case Study Strategies for writing the parts of a case study report.

Reviewing and Presenting Advice to help you understand and meet your instructor's expectations. Revising Your Work Advice about evaluating and presenting your case study report. Resources A comprehensive list of resources provided within this guide.

How Will I Learn? Specifically, the following will be included: Clear, concise, and easy to read text Self-assessment questions Worksheets An annotated case study report example References to helpful resources Summaries of key points to remember. Let's begin with Section A: Home Back to Top Next:

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Thus, our title should contain the phrase “case study,” “case report” or “case series” as is appropriate to the contents. The two most common formats of titles are nominal and compound. A nominal title is a single phrase, for example “A case study of hypertension which responded to spinal manipulation.”.

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In writing a case study report in your course, the report is often intended for an imaginary person so you need to make sure that your language and style suites that person. For example, a report for senior management will be different in content and style and language to a technical report.

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Guidelines for Writing a Case Study Analysis. A case study analysis requires you to investigate a business problem, examine the alternative solutions, and propose the most effective solution using supporting evidence. In these sections, you will find a Case Study Report Template, a Sample Paper, and the Structure of a Case Study. Each part of the guide will engage you in a variety of ways to help you develop greater confidence and skill writing case study reports.

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Report Writing Projects for $30 - $ Length: words Objectives: Case study Report writing The Executive Summary, Lists of Contents and References are not included in the required word length. Required The Challenges of My First Job a. A case study is one of the many kinds of written assignments that you have to face throughout your college years. It is your report about a person, a group of people, a .