Now we know that fleas spread the plague. The bacterium, called Yersinia Pestis, makes its way to the upper digestive tract of the flea where it breeds and multiplies.
When the flea finds a new host and drinks the blood, it regurgitates the bacteria into the host, thus infecting the host. Many people think that rats spread the Plague.
This is partly true. Rats are not the direct infectors of the Plague; they are merely hosts for the fleas carrying the bacteria. The Plague can be spread through any rodent or animal that could get fleas.
So the rat, cat, or prairie dog that has fleas could be considered a vector for the disease. Rodents can carry the plague, but it does not affect them, they can then pass it on to humans who will most likely die.
Once the bacterium is regurgitated into the new host, it begins to multiply in the blood stream and the lymphatic system. The Bacterium travels to the liver, spleen, kidneys, lungs, and brain, basically attacking the whole body at once. The system that the plague has the largest effect on is the lymphatic system, because that is where the most bacteria multiplies.
As the lymph nodes swell with puss, the disease circulates through the blood stream and creates the possibility of hemorrhaging and lots of other things. The history of the bubonic plague is a sad one. Three major pandemics have occurred during the 6th, 14th, and 17th centuries. The first outbreak was known as the Plague of Justinian, named after the Byzantine emperor Justinian.
From there, the plague was transmitted to France and Italy over trade routes, causing small outbreaks for many years. The effects of this outbreak were on a large scale. In the 14th century, the worst plague of all time occurred, starting in China. Ill people died within three days. In such a way, the disease was extremely dangerous and people died fast, whereas the contamination meant virtually certain death to ill persons. In fact, the medieval medicine had come unprepared to resist the Black Death.
People had no idea of contagious diseases and the epidemic spread fast. People buried deceased unprotected, whereas the burial was insufficient to protect from the spread of the disease. Towns and cities were full of decaying filth, which contributed to the rise of the rat population, which also contributed to the fast spread of the plague in Europe. People did not how to treat the disease and they did not know how to prevent the spread of the pandemic.
Moreover, they did not even view it as a mere disease. Instead, they believed the Black Death was the punishment from the part of God, which people have to take. The response of the society to the Black Death was characterized by consistent changes in the society. European society was devastated by the disease. Towns and cities were depopulated and suffered from the shortage of food.
The large share of the rural population died out too. European society faced the threat of starvation. As a result, peasants started to move from their villages to other villages being attracted by lords that undermined the main principle of the feudal system where peasants were tied to the land that belong to landlords. The Black Death started to wreak havoc in Europe and the society came unprepared to the pandemics. In such a situation, religion, which was the main source of salvation for people, still played an important part in the life of people and explanation of the disease.
Religious leaders of both Muslim and Christian worlds viewed the Black Death as the punishment for sins committed by humans. Turning point and end of the Middle Ages? How the Black Death Came to an End. Retrieved July 11, , from http: We hope you liked it and found it useful. You have a great opportunity to look through another samples published on our blog, or order academic papers from us if you have difficulties with writing.
Get access to the list of our best samples for free. We divided them into categories of various types of papers and disciplines for your convenience. Get your writing assignment done in 4 simple steps 1 Fill in order details Submit your instructions to writers for free! Start receiving proposals from writers. Order Now Submit your instructions to writers for free. Has the Collapse Of Economy Passed?
Get free study materials Samples. Send me the link.
the black death essay INTRODUCTION Around in northwestern Europe, the population was beginning to outgrow the food supply and a severe economic crisis began to take place.
The Black Death Essay The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history. The disease spread fast and covered the territory from China to England and the ultimate western part of Europe, covering almost entire Europe within several years.
Nov 01, · The Black Death Black Death, epidemic of plague which ravaged Europe in the midth century. Various forms of plague were known in the civilized world since ancient times. Another common symptom of the Black Plague is the appearance of black blood under the skin after death. Severe hemorrhage takes place under the skin after death causing the body to look black. This is where the plague received one of its many names, The Black Death (Platt ).
- The Black Death The Black Death was undoubtedly one of the most devastating diseases that occurred during the middle ages. The Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague, was a world-wide epidemic that caused the death of more than 20 million people throughout Europe (Velenzdas). Through the Middle Ages the plague or Black Death killed about a third of the population. The height of the Black Death happened between until about ending the lives of about 25 million people between the years and (Galán ).