In such cases, there is no herd tendency and the person is liberal in outlook. If religious forces are allowed to become powerful there will be disintegration of the nation and sovereignty of the State will be in danger. There are a large number of religions, castes and sub- castes in India, and unfortunately some of them are opposed to one another as far as their practices are concerned.
Religion is a private affair and if it is allowed to appear in public affairs it will corrupt politics. All the crimes committed in the name of religion in the past as well as in the present one cannot forget. A large number of people have been put to death in Iran only because they do not follow the Islamic religion up to the last Point.
So religion makes a a man blind and it will never encourage opposition. So if we want to consolidate democracy give firm foundations to it and make its working successful, it is necessary that the people should keep religion apart from politics. It is wrong to think that with the help of laws it is possible to divorce religion from politics.
Till the attitude of the people is changed, and till they rise above the petty considerations it is not possible to keep religion and politics apart. By keeping them independent of each other, we can retain democratic set-up.
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The liberal approach claims that there should be a separation; because without separation conflict can spread among human beings about religion.
Lastly it will look at the example of Islamic states which incorporate religion into their political system and assess whether it is a viable idea to do so. Before arguing why religion and politics should be separate, it is necessary to briefly understand why some key thinkers believed it was necessary for religion and politics to remain united.
Thomas Hobbes argued about religion and politics in many of his works, the key argument being in the context of a religion and a world state. Reverting back to liberalism, John Locke expressed his ideas in: So what is the difference between Church and State and Religion and Politics? Nonetheless, Locke claims that the idea of separation is linked to tolerance, as human beings lack tolerance for one another, the controversy between religion and politics increases.
Locke mentions that if religion was forced onto a country, how would one know which to follow from the multiple religions in the world? Is it permitted to worship God in the Roman manner?
If there was no religious force then everyone religious or non-religious could enjoy the same rights as everyone else. Benjamin Constant was another key liberal thinker who believed in separation of the religion and politics. He mentions the idea of a public and private sphere, public sphere being politics and the private sphere being the practice of religion. Religious sentiment is an important term; Constant believed that since religion was mostly about transcendent feelings, it should not be connected to important political matters in the country or globally.
Once again it is clear to see that Constant believed that religion should be kept as an independent practice and that religious feelings should not interfere with political decisions.
Alexis De Tocqueville discussed the separation between politics and religion in his second volume of Democracy in America. The author of the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson also discussed ideas on the separation between religion and politics, using the idea of the wall of separation.
However if one is to explore the interaction between religion and politics today in some countries which follow Islam for instance , then one may find that separation between religion and politics is after all a feasible idea. As mentioned in the previous paragraph some Middle Eastern countries that follow the practice of Islam, have been in the global eye due to their political institutions mixing with their faith.
This paragraph will explore how the branches of government in Middle Eastern countries incorporate Islamic faith with examples. In regards to the judicial branch of government, the implementation of Sharia law in many Islamic countries poses one question; is it really a good idea to join religion and politics?
To explain further the problems that Sharia law can create, a BBC news article published a story about a teenage girl who was executed in Iran for crimes against adultery. This posed a problem as the BBC reported that the human rights campaigners could not hold them accountable for the execution of the sixteen year old. That year the BBC also reported at least executions in regards to Islamic law. It is evident from this story that the implementation of sharia law in the judicial system and the idea of mixing religion and politics have its repercussions.
However Islamic liberals would contest the notion that mixing religion and politics is appropriate. To conclude, in relation to Islamic countries , even though Islamic liberals claim that there is a divide of religion and politics , in the current climate it is clear to see that religion is not separated from politics and sharia law is still as practiced as it was when first insinuated.
However, generally from the ideas of Locke, Constant and Tocqueville, it is clear to see that many of the key liberals who spoke about the separation of religion and politics were concerned with the idea of religious freedom. Nonetheless they put forward a strong argument for the separation of religion and politics and many Western countries today abide by this notion.
The Separation of Religion and State:
Religion in politics is primarily because of more than one religion existing in a country. In a country where only one religion exists, religion does not disrupt the political affairs. However, in a country like ours where numerous religions exist, religion in politics could be interfering and disruptive. /5(16).
If politics is ‘the last refuge of scoundrels’, and religion, ‘the opium of the masses’, any nexus between the two is bound to spell doom. However, if we consider politics as involving the recognition and reconciliation of opposing interests within a given unit of rule, and religion as the.
The Politics of Religious Freedom Under the Trump Administration Democrats and Republicans have different conceptions of what religious freedom means and what it demands. By Jacob Lupfer. Free Essay: Religion and Politics Both liberals and conservatives have become quite adept at mixing religion and politics in our current society. One also.
Free Essay: Religion and Politics Historically, religion and politics have always played a very significant part in our everyday lives, dating back to the. Religion and politics share a common concern: the order of human beings in the social world in order to avoid the problem of chaos. If at least one definition of politics is the means by which we order our community and even our personal conduct through the formulation and acceptance of certain rules, laws, and institutions that oversee them, then religion has always had a political function.