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Journalism and publishing terms - jargon buster

journalism

❶Text next to or following a story or picture acknowledging its source. See also Pull-out quote.

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Features are different from hard news stories. Features are said to be the story behind the story. Features are longer and more complex than a simple news story. Longer features can be sometimes referred to as documentaries. Feedback — this is an unwanted and irritating noise caused when sound from a speaker is fed back into the microphone. A feedback is also called a howl-round. File — this is the process of sending a report from a location to the newsroom or to the studio.

Filler — a filler is a very short news story or advertisement that is used to fill a small space in a newspaper. Flash — this is the headline used by news agencies to describe major breaking news. A flash can also be a brief news story of a breaking event that interrupts a radio or television program or show. Float — it is a picture or video shown on television while a presenter is talking or having an interview with a guest.

Freedom of Information — it is a law that forces governments to release information to the public when they are requested. The law states that the general public has every right to information. The law also states that if government bodies cannot release information to the public upon request then they should state why the information cannot be released.

Focus group — this is a research method that employs a small number of people who take part in a discussion on a particular issue. This method of research is normally used in TV and Radio for audience research.

It is quite effective. Follow-up — follow-up story is a story written to add more information or details about a story which has already been published. FX — it is the short form for sound effects. Grab — a grab is defined as a short piece of a recorded sound which is taken from a longer interview and inserted into a news item.

It is almost similar to a sound bite. Graphics — these are words, titles, diagrams or artworks that are used in programs or newscasts. Hard news — this is the daily factual reporting of important events. These events can be national, international or local. The opposite of the hard news is soft news. Headline — this is a word or phrase in large and bold font at the top of a news story or an article. If a headline is not capable of doing this then it is not a good headline.

A headline can also be called a head. Insert — an insert is an additional text that is included into a story that is already written. Interview — an interview can be defined as a formal and recorded conversation between a reporter and a source for the main purpose of getting information that will be used in a story.

Intro — this is the first paragraph of a news story or a feature. It is also known as the lead. It contains the most newsworthy aspects of a story. Inverted pyramid — this is the most common way or form of writing news story. This structure is used by journalists all over the world in writing news stories.

The inverted pyramid structure involves the arranging or organization of information in a news story in descending order of importance. This literally means that the most important or newsworthy aspects of the story come first.

Investigative journalism or reporting — this is a type of journalism where reporters investigate and find out information that is concealed. This type of journalism requires more research and caution. Layout — it is the design of a newspaper or magazine. Lead — it is the first sentence or paragraph of a news story.

It is also sometimes spelled lede. Leading question — this is a question asked by a reporter during an interview that tries to get information from the interviewee that the reporter wants to hear.

Lead story — this is the most important news story in a bulletin. In a newspaper it is also the most important news story and it is always displayed prominently on front page of a newspaper. Letters to the editor — these are letter that come from readers of a paper to the editor expressing their views and opinions on issues. Leak — this has to do with important information that was meant to be secret but ends up being exposed by an anonymous source.

Libel — this is the process of writing an untrue statement about someone or a group of people that causes harm to them. Minidoc — this is a word that refers to a short news feature or documentary. Medium close-up — it is popularly called MCU. It is the framing of a shot from the waist up. Medium shot — this is wider than the MCU.

It is framed from a person head to toe. Mobile unit — is a small van or truck that is equipped with materials for production. Montage — this is the combination of sounds. More — a word that is typed at the end of a copy which indicates that there is more story to come. This is the sound of the location that is recorded as the footage is also recorded.

It can also be called wild sound. Journalists are advised not to use negative leads in their stories. News agency — this is a company that is in the business of gathering news and selling them to media organizations.

An example of a news agency is Associated Press. Nib — News in Brief. These are a collection of short stories in one or two paragraphs. Noddies — these are shots of the reporter listening attentively or nodding the head while the interviewee speaks.

OB — it is the short form for outside broadcast. As the name suggests, OB is broadcast that is coming from outside the studio. Public affairs — these are news stories that deal with important issues that are of public concern.

Issues can range from political, economic to social. Public journalism — this is a new approach to journalism that tries to connect with the community. Remote — this is defined as a live production from a location away from the studio. Running story — this is a story that is still developing and bringing forth new information. Such a story is therefore reported as events unfold. Segue — this is the movement from one effect to another. Shield laws — it is a legislation that provides journalists the right to protect the identity of their sources.

Sidebar — this is a secondary story that is run along with a major story on the same topic. Soft lead — a lead that uses a soft device such as a quote or story to attract the reader. The opposite is a hard lead. Soft news — this is the opposite of hard news.

Soft news normally have stories that are interesting and entertaining. Sound bite — this is a short recorded sound of a person speaking or an interview which is picked for broadcast. This is normally the most important or interesting part of what the person said. Source — this is the person or record from which a journalist gets his or her information. Stand upper — this is a news story in which the reporter is in the field and standing in front of the camera as he or she reports.

Stet — this when an editor marks certain things in a copy for change but later changes his mind and decides to keep the original. Summary lead — this is the first paragraph of a news story that has a synopsis of two or more actions instead of just focusing on one.

Tabloid — it is a newspaper that is about half the size of the normal newspapers. Tabloid papers publish stories that sensational, and the language that is used in a tabloid is simple and colloquial. Talking heads — this is a discussion program in a studio in which the camera focuses mainly on the heads of the participants. Transition — this is a way of moving smoothly from one section of a story to another. Time check — this is when the time is announced on air.

Voice over — a voice over is when the voice of an unseen narrator or reporter gives commentary while pictures or videos are being shown on screen. Voice report — also called voicer. This is an audio report from a reporter on radio who normally would be at the scene of an event and reporting via phone or satellite.

VTR — video tape recording. Web offset — this is the printing process. Wild track — it is also called wild sound or wild lines. A wild track is the recording of ambient sound which will later be used for the background sound of a report. A wild track is recorded separately and later used in a report. Wipe — this is the process of moving from one picture to another. Journalism In The Digital Age. How Does Bail Work? The 8 Most Luxurious Cars of The story of an imaginary word that managed to sneak past our editors and enter the dictionary.

How we chose 'feminism'. How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts. The awkward case of 'his or her'. Test your visual vocabulary with our question challenge! Explore the year a word first appeared. Definition of journalist 1 a: Examples of journalist in a Sentence a journalist who has won awards for two of his feature stories. The case was closed in when authorities advised that the two men who had been charged with and acquitted of the crime but later confessed to a journalist were dead, the AP reported.

In a lengthy conversation at a bar near Dupont Circle, Mr. Rambo claimed to be helping the F. According to journalist Duncan Castles - speaking on football podcast The Transfer Window - this means that the Blues will need to sign a worthy successor.

Mr Hu, an Australian citizen, was given a ten-year prison term in after a trial that was closed to foreign journalists. Generally speaking, the biggest threats to journalists are thickening waists and getting laid off.

Whine not Stu Bykofsky," 5 July But the research part of it, similar to a journalist , is exciting. First Known Use of journalist Related Words announcer , broadcaster , newscaster , newspaperman , newswoman ; anchor , anchorman , anchorperson , anchorwoman ; columnist , commentator ; copyreader , editor ; muckraker , photojournalist , police reporter , sportswriter ;. Other Job Terms factotum , milliner , ostler , scrivener , tinker , webster , wordsmith.

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Journalism and publishing terms list, print and online, collated by our community of journalists, bloggers, editors, sub-editors, designers, PRs and other communications professionals working worldwide in newspapers, magazines, radio and TV.

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A look at some of the terms commonly used in newsrooms across the country. These words need to become part of a journalist's daily vocabulary. Journalism, like any profession, has its own language and specialist words which practitioners need to know. The following glossary contains more than definitions of terms about journalism and the media - including new media - making it probably the biggest, most extensive journalism and media glossary available free online.. Spelling and punctuation of terms .

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Broadcasting Terms close-up Shot of the face of the subject that dominated the frame so that little background is visible. cover shot A long shot usually cut in at the beginning of a sequence to establish place or location. cue A signal in a . Terms needed for journalism students. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free.