The body of a text contains all details of your study, providing logical and strong evidence based on those aspects the research targets to prove main goal specified in introductory clause. The final clause is usually written only after you have the rest of the paper done to have a complete image of what you have reached in the course of a study; however, a conclusion is one of the most important sections of the work.
Just like an intro, this is a short part. Despite this fact, writing the conclusion will, however, take much more time than you expect because it has to be logical, concise and straight to the point.
A conclusion can provide readers with a short overview of the text, leading them to a logical end of the study. This is a brief retelling of all your work. It often looks similar to the introduction. But if the introduction is an entry into your work, a final clause is focused on its outcome, and thus, it has to be written differently than the introduction.
In order to sketch a good closing part for your work , you need to choose the most important aspects of the whole text. But you have to keep it short. As was mentioned earlier — a final clause is much shorter than the rest of the text, and thus, you will have to compare and prioritize all ideas from your work to choose the most significant ones. Which material is important and which is not? Usually, it has to include a brief flashback to the intro of your paper and then provide main results of your research.
This will allow the next researcher to refine the methodology and learn from your mistakes, one of the foundations of the scientific process. Do your findings open up any suggestions for future research?
For a shorter paper, this is not always essential, but you can highlight any possible areas of interest and give some ideas for those following. Again, this is not always applicable, but you can suggest any practical uses for your findings. For example, if you uncovered a link between diet and the speed at which children learn, you could suggest a short plan for ensuring that children receive good nutrition.
With writing the conclusion finished, you are almost at the end of your research project. All that remains is to perform the proof-reading and formatting , a little bit dull, but a sign that you are in the final stages. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Sep 18, Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable.
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An example of a good thesis statement, going back to the paper on tuberculosis, would be "Tuberculosis is a widespread disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. Due to the alarming rate of the spread of tuberculosis, particularly in poor countries, medical professionals are implementing new strategies for the diagnosis, treatment, and containment of this disease. Briefly summarize your main points. Essentially, you need to remind your reader what you told them in the body of the paper.
Find a way to briefly restate each point mentioned in each topic sentence in your conclusion. Do not repeat any of the supporting details used within your body paragraphs.
Under most circumstances, you should avoid writing new information in your conclusion. This is especially true if the information is vital to the argument or research presented in your paper.
For example, in the TB paper you could summarize the information. In developing countries, such as those in Africa and Southeast Asia, the rate of TB infections is soaring. Crowded conditions, poor sanitation, and lack of access to medical care are all compounding factors in the spread of the disease.
Medical experts, such as those from the World Health Organization are now starting campaigns to go into communities in developing countries and provide diagnostic testing and treatments. However, the treatments for TB are very harsh and have many side effects. This leads to patient non-compliance and spread of multi-drug resistant strains of the disease. Add the points up.
If your paper proceeds in an inductive manner and you have not fully explained the significance of your points yet, you need to do so in your conclusion. If you already fully explained what the points in your paper mean or why they are significant, you do not need to go into them in much detail in your conclusion. Simply restating your thesis or the significance of your topic should suffice. It is always best practice to address important issues and fully explain your points in the body of your paper.
The point of a conclusion to a research paper is to summarize your argument for the reader and, perhaps, to call the reader to action if needed. Make a call to action when appropriate.
If and when needed, you can state to your readers that there is a need for further research on your paper's topic. Note that a call for action is not essential to all conclusions. A research paper on literary criticism, for instance, is less likely to need a call for action than a paper on the effect that television has on toddlers and young children. A paper that is more likely to call readers to action is one that addresses a public or scientific need.
Let's go back to our example on tuberculosis. This is a very serious disease that is spreading quickly and with antibiotic resistant forms. A call to action in this research paper would be a follow-up statement that might be along the lines of "Despite new efforts to diagnose and contain the disease, more research is needed to develop new antibiotics that will treat the most resistant strains of tuberculosis and ease the side effects of current treatments.
The conclusion of a paper is your opportunity to explain the broader context of the issue you have been discussing. It is also a place to help readers understand why the topic of your paper truly matters. For example, if you are writing a history paper, then you might discuss how the historical topic you discussed matters today. If you are writing about a foreign country, then you might use the conclusion to discuss how the information you shared may help readers understand their own country.
Part 1 Quiz How should you summarize the main points of the paper in your conclusion? Reread the topic sentence of each paragraph or section. Briefly restate each point.
Do not include your supporting arguments. Avoid introducing new information. All of the above. Stick with a basic synthesis of information. Since this sort of conclusion is so basic, it is vital that you aim to synthesize the information rather than merely summarizing it.
Instead of merely repeating things you already said, rephrase your thesis and supporting points in a way that ties them all together. By doing so, you make your research paper seem like a "complete thought" rather than a collection of random and vaguely related ideas.
Bring things full circle. There are several ways to do this. Ask a question in your introduction. In your conclusion, restate the question and provide a direct answer. Write an anecdote or story in your introduction but do not share the ending. Instead, write the conclusion to the anecdote in the conclusion of your paper.
For example, if you wanted to get more creative and put a more humanistic spin on a paper on tuberculosis you might start your introduction with a story about a person with the disease, and refer to that story in your conclusion. For example, you could say something like this before you re-state your thesis in your conclusion: The images may or may not appear at other points throughout the research paper.
If your research paper presented multiple sides of an issue, use your conclusion to state a logical opinion formed by your evidence. Include enough information about your topic to back the statement up but do not get too carried away with excess detail.
If your research did not provide you with a clear-cut answer to a question posed in your thesis, do not be afraid to indicate as much. Restate your initial hypothesis and indicate whether you still believe it or if the research you performed has begun swaying your opinion.
Indicate that an answer may still exist and that further research could shed more light on the topic at hand. Instead of handing the reader the conclusion, you are asking the reader to form his or her own conclusion. This may not be appropriate for all types of research papers. Most research papers, such as one on effective treatment for diseases, will have the information to make the case for a particular argument already in the paper.
A good example of a paper that might ask a question of the reader in the ending is one about a social issue, such as poverty or government policy. Ask a question that will directly get at the heart or purpose of the paper. This question is often the same question, or some version of it, that you may have started out with when you began your research. Make sure that the question can be answered by the evidence presented in your paper. If desired, you can briefly summarize the answer after stating the question.
You could also leave the question hanging for the reader to answer, though. If you are including a call to action in your conclusion, you could provide your reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further research. Even without a call to action, you can still make a recommendation to your reader. For instance, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more research.
Another example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the World Health Organization or research foundations which are developing new treatments for the disease. Part 2 Quiz True or False: Avoid saying "in conclusion" or similar sayings. This includes "in summary" or "in closing.
Well, you should feel comforted that there are easy ways to succeed in writing up the conclusion paragraph to your research paper. Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion Before you can write an effective conclusion paragraph, you .
The conclusion allows you to have the final say on the issues you have raised in your paper, to synthesize your thoughts, to demonstrate the importance of your ideas, and to propel your reader to a new view of the subject.
A good conclusion to a paper should be at least one solid paragraph long at the bare minimum. A paper of any substantial length will probably need a conclusion of several paragraphs in order to effectively achieve a conclusion’s purpose. If it’s a longer paper, a good place to start is by looking at what each paragraph was about. For example, if you write a paper about zoo animals, each paragraph would probably be about one particular animal. In your conclusion, you should briefly mention each animal again.
Writing a research paper is a complex multi-step process. The main idea of this task lies in introducing new solutions, methods or ideas related to . How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper After the introduction, the conclusion is the most important part of the paper and, like the introduction, it is difficult to write. A good conclusion contains your parting thought—the idea that you most want your reader to .